The Internet of Things
smart

The Internet of Things - Are we ready for a ‘smarter’ world?

Posted by Ritinder Kaur on Oct 22 2015

 "最深刻的技术是那些将自己编织到日常生活的结构中,直到它们与日常生活无法区分的技术.”

- Mark Weiser

In 1990, 当时约翰·罗基将一台看起来没什么问题的烤面包机连接到互联网上,证明它可以通过电脑来开关, 这表明,将来不需要持续的人工干预,互联网连接将成为可能.

Well, it’s here and it's been labeled - the “Internet of Things”.   

Map of the world showing icons for different internet of things examples

In 2010, the human population increased to 6.8 billion; with the growth of the smartphone industry in the last decade, the number of devices connected to the Internet has increased to 12.5 billion.That is more than one connected device (1.84 devices, to be precise) for one person!

到2020年,每个人将有3台设备连接到互联网!

 

物联网(IoT)技术基本封装了物联网的概念 total internet connectivity of devices, 产品和服务以及它们之间的数据共享——有或没有人工干预. Basically, many of the devices and utilities which you use will be interconnected, with you having to push less buttons than before. With its obvious benefits in the field of user applications, education, energy, healthcare and construction, 物联网前景广阔,为创新和实验提供了无数可能性.

These are a few of my favorite smart things...

The use of IoT technology has given the word ‘smart’ a whole new meaning.

In smart cities like Masdar in Abu Dhabi and Songdo in South Korea, 物联网解决方案旨在帮助使用数字技术改善城市服务,降低成本和资源消耗. 他们的计划是用数字技术将这些城市的所有东西通过电网连接起来, cars and buildings to utilities like the water supply, transportation, fire and security services and recycling of garbage.

And, you might not have to take out the trash after all!! 松岛的创新垃圾处理系统是通过巨大的地下隧道网络,将垃圾从住宅和办公楼中吸出来,转移到垃圾处理工厂进行回收.

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I don’t feel like driving today….

Smart cars and smart homes are part of the blueprint for these smart cities. Smart cars not only talk to you, give you directions, 告诉你什么时候转弯,什么时候停车——他们也会自己开车,甚至可以平行停车, thanks to radar, GPS and parking-assist systems! By the way, does that mean my 16 year old gets to ‘drive’ ?!! Hmm…

On a serious note, 想想看,对于身体有缺陷的人来说,移动起来是多么容易,而且不必依赖公共交通工具.

随着司机减少,道路上的车辆共享数据和相互学习, experts say that each car already has 40 years of driving experience!

Hold a moment, my home is on the line

从大公司到小公司的产品制造商都计划为你提供“聪明”的选择,让你眼花缭乱 smart home. 从WiFi婴儿监视器到环境照明,到恒温器控制,再到连接微波炉和洗衣机, a variety of IoT solutions are already on the market.

IoT solutions for medicine

IoT_medicine Globally, 可治愈疾病的数量只是医生每天面临的医疗挑战的一小部分. 当他们努力寻找阿尔茨海默病和ALS(肌萎缩性脊髓侧索硬化症)等疾病的治疗方法时,, they need all the help they can get, 无论是金钱和物质形式的资源,还是获取最新信息和研究技术的途径. The medical field stands to gain tremendously from IoT solutions; it may be as high-end software applications for research purposes or end-user applications like chip-embedded prescription bottles and ingestible pill sensors.  

Inside, outside

There is a lot of scope for IoT solutions in the construction business where safety and durability is a major concern. 用于监测结构质量和承重能力的嵌入式传感器建筑砖已经投入使用. 基于云的软件可以通过WiFi访问微型传感器,这使得远程监控在太危险或无法进入的地方成为可能(例如, pipelines).

As you can see, the amount of devices in the field of IoT are exploding...here is one great location for a more in-depth preview of these advancements.

The advent of IoT has created some challenges...

  • In fields like construction, transportation, security and healthcare where human lives are at stake, a malfunction at any stage of the IoT solution could be disastrous. 如果手机上买足彩的app说自动化和机器对机器的连接降低了人为错误的风险, 手机上买足彩的app必须记住,是人类的努力使物联网技术成为可能,在任何阶段仍然存在出错的可能性.
  • 设备和应用程序之间共享的大量个人数据引发了安全和隐私问题.

At a hackathon, an app called Makkie Klauwe, created by a student by the name of Bram Fritz, was showcased to demonstrate the risks of open data. It collated information about the areas with high income, low reported crime rate and broken streetlights, narrowing down the areas where it would be ‘safe’ for a thief to steal!!

  • 为了赶得上物联网的潮流,一些公司正在生产手机上买足彩的app并不真正需要的东西. For instance, the smoke alarm “Leeo”, which would normally have cost $20, 有一个99美元的夜灯,并连接到房主的智能手机,在发生火灾时提醒他们. Would you want to spend as much on a fire alarm?

今天真正的挑战是专注于那些物联网技术将实际帮助节省资源的领域, time and effort like the medical or aviation fields, with lasting benefits.

物联网为测试工程师带来了新的挑战,物联网解决方案的系统集成和测试涉及到多个平台, numerous protocols and a variety of APIs. 它涉及不同类别、不同功能和不同标准的设备. The local regulations on both the state and federal level, as well as international differences in both usage and language, must be adhered to and verified. 对测试人员来说,确保软件质量的主要挑战是,不仅要跟上实体和数字的变化,还要在保持以互联网速度发布的同时管理所有市场的复杂性.

Of course, with a growing plethora of devices, applications, and technologies the testing industry must embrace these changes. Existing software testing tools must evolve to include new technologies,以及新开发的工具,以支持这些产品的卓越质量保证和安全.

Conclusion

尼尔·格罗斯(Neil Gross)在1999年正确地预言了互联网的无所不在的力量

“In the next century, planet Earth will don an electronic skin. 它将利用互联网作为支架来支撑和传播它的感觉.”

物联网的目标是通过消除对日常工具的持续人工干预,减少人为失误,提高生活质量. This is all well and good, and quite promising, 但还有一些重要的问题我想留给你们:这能走多远? 手机上买足彩的app准备好让手机上买足彩的app的日常设备和它的嵌入式软件来管理手机上买足彩的app的生活了吗? 一旦手机上买足彩的app的大多数机器都能上网并能彼此交谈,作为人类,手机上买足彩的app将如何回应?

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